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Common Abbreviations

AlterRobert Alter, ed., The Hebrew Bible: A Translation with Commentary, 3 volumes (New York; London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2019).
ANEAncient Near East(ern)
B4EN.T. Wright. The Bible for Everyone: A New Translation. London: SPCK, 2018.
BDAGArndt, William, Frederick W. Danker, Walter Bauer, and F. Wilbur Gingrich. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
BHSBiblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Electronic ed. Stuttgart: German Bible Society, 2003.
BHQSchenker, Adrian, Natalio Fernández Marcos, Jan de Waard, Anthony Gelston, Carmel McCarthy, David Marcus, P. B. Dirksen, Y. A. P. Goldman, R. Schäfer, and Magne Sæbø. Biblia Hebraica Quinta. Biblia Hebraica Quinta. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2011.
BTVRobert Adam Boyd, Byzantine Text Version 2021. Lulu Press, 2022.
CTCritical Text (a general term for a variety of critical editions of the Greek New Testament); see TCENT footnotes usage
DSSDead Sea Scrolls
ENGLXXUPSir Lancelot C. L. Brenton, Robert Adam Boyd, ed., Updated Brenton English Septuagint (ENGLXXUP), 1851 / 2020.
EOBLaurent Cleenewerck, ed. The Eastern/Greek Orthodox Bible: New Testament. 2011.
KrFamily 35 NT manuscripts; see “PCK”
HALOTLudwig Koehler, Walter Baumgartner, et al., The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994–2000).
HFHodges and Farstad, The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text, 2nd edition (1985); see TCENT footnotes usage
KJVThe Holy Bible: King James Version. 1611 / 1769.
LESBrannan, Rick, Ken M. Penner, Michael Aubrey, Israel Loken, and Isaiah Hoogendyk. The Lexham English Septuagint (LES). Second Edition. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2020.
LXXSeptuagint (Greek Old Testament)
MTThe “Masoretic Text” of the Hebrew Bible
NANestle-Aland, Greek New Testament (designation in TCENT footnotes when NA27 and NA28 are in agreement)
NA27Nestle, Eberhard, Erwin Nestle, Barbara Aland, Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger. The Greek New Testament. 27th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993.
NA28Aland, Kurt, Barbara Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger. Novum Testamentum Graece. 28th Edition. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2012.
NETNew English Translation / NET Bible®, Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C., 1996, 2019.
NETSPietersma, Albert, and Benjamin G. Wright, eds. A New English Translation of the Septuagint. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
NKJVThe New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982.
NTNew Testament
OSBSt. Athanasius Orthodox Academy, ed. The Orthodox Study Bible. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2008.
OTOld Testament
PATrPatriarchal Greek New Testament, Patriarchal Press of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, 1904 with 1912 revisions by Basil Antoniades. (Abbreviated in TCENT text-critical footnotes as “ANT”)
PCKWilbur Pickering, The Greek New Testament According to Family 35, 3rd edition (2020); see TCENT footnotes usage
RPMaurice A. Robinson & William G. Pierpont, The New Testament in the Original Greek: Byzantine Textform (I generally append the year of the version cited, e.g., RP2018 for the 2018 edition)
RSVThe Revised Standard Version. 1971
SBLHolmes, Michael W. The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature, 2011–2013.
TCENTRobert Adam Boyd, Text-Critical English New Testament
TRTextus Receptus (I generally include additional details if a specific edition is intended); see TCENT footnotes usage
UBS4Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, Maurice A. Robinson, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament, Fourth Revised Edition (with Morphology). Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993; 2006.
UBS5Aland, Barbara, Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger, eds. The Greek New Testament. Fifth Revised Edition. Stuttgart, Germany: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2014.
WEBWorld English Bible
WHWestcott and Hort, Greek New Testament (1881)

What do the abbreviations mean in the text-critical footnotes of the TCENT translation?

Please consult the introduction to the Text-Critical English New Testament (TCENT).

Where can I read a specific text cited herein?

Most places you can purchase books sell many of these works, and quite a few are public domain and therefore freely available online. Others are available in specific versions of software.

See Texts & Translations for more information.